c. Armenian

Despite its remarkable dialectical diversity, this branch is represented essentially by a single language, Armenian. This language, which is attested from the 5th century AD, is spoken mainly in the Republic of Armenia and in eastern Turkey.

d. Branch of Anatolia

To this branch belong the ancient languages ​​of Anatolia (now Turkey) which were found to have Indo-European origins and were lost in their entirety at the end of the Hellenistic Period. The oldest of these is the ancient one, which has been lost since the 18 century BC. The most important languages ​​in the industry include Hittite (there are testimonies for it dating from 17 to 13 the century BC), the Luwian (modern Hittite, but also spoken in the 1st millennium BC. X.), the Lycian and the Lydian (both are already testified from the 5th century BC).

e. Greek

A distinct branch of the Indo-European family, Greek, despite the various dialects it has presented over the centuries, has remained essentially a single language. The first written testimonies of Greek are found in texts written in Linear B script, while remarkable archaisms appear in the later Homeric texts.

f. Albanian

Language-branch of Indo-European with dark prehistory and late appearance of the first relevant testimonies (just from 14 century AD), Albanian is probably related to some ancient Balkan language, such as Illyrian or Thracian. Gekika and Tosk are the two main dialects of Albanian.

g. Baltic Slavic

Two well-documented subgroups, the Baltic and the Slavic, constitute the seventh major branch of the Indo-European family. These subgroups are classified in the same category due to the existence of some important common innovations, especially in terms of emphasis. The oldest surviving representative of the Baltic subgroup is the ancient Prussian lost today (the relevant testimonies date back to 14 o century AD). Besides, there are plenty of available evidence for the Lithuanian and Latvian languages, as evidenced by the 16 century m. Χ. and are spoken to this day. In what has to do again with the Slavic subgroup, the earliest testimonies date back to the 9th century AD. (The oldest text we know is the translation of the Bible into the South Slavic dialect, also known as ancient Church Slavonic, by the Thessalonian saints Cyril and Methodius).

The Greek language over time: On the Indo-European language family (Part A ')

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