Of course, any -s of Herodotus —these are among them also collections of oracles, official records, and inscriptions — did not have for him the same value as personal exploration , personal pursuits.

In the context of his attempt to find the truth, his own observation ( face ), his judgment ( opinion ) and its search ( history ), ie the results of their of the findings, are clearly separated from the various traditions ( reasons ), which he mentions in his work without being able to control them himself.

Exploration has not always been easy for Herodotus, especially in foreign lands, where he relied on interpreters. generations as “a real estate”.

Herodotus' skepticism from against what is unreliable, and above all his attitude towards the myth and the epic world .

We must not forget that the father of historiography — unlike Thucydides — moves in a world where, at every step, he still encounters myth.

The way in which he treats the mythical tradition is not uniform: although he does not seek a general rationality, he does not accept the mythical tradition, but he is ready to criticize it, when this is necessary in his opinion.

At the same time, he is the first to examine with the critical spirit the epic circle.

Thus, in the heroic work, which is placed at the beginning of European historiography, coexistence with piety and critical disposition, the scientific view of nature and the ancient myths about the gods, the rational interpretation and the supernatural.

Herodotus, pater historiae (Part A ')

Herodotus, pater historiae (Part ς Β ')

Ηρόδοτος, pater historiae (Μέρος Γ')

Herodotus, pater historiae (Part D ')

Herodotus, pater historiae (Part Ε ')

Ηρόδοτος, pater historiae (Μέρος ΣΤ')

Herodotus, pater historiae (Part G ')

Herodotus, pater historiae (Part H ')

Ηρόδοτος, pater historiae (Μέρος Θ')

Herodotus, pater historiae (Part I ')

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